Uniforms are clothes worn by people who are part of an organization while participating in their activities. They are often worn by armed forces, such as the military and the police, medical services such as nurses and paramedics like some caregiver services in Chicago, inmates in prisons, and of course, what this article is about: school uniforms. Even some international school in Manila, used to wear school uniforms for the school’s official activities.
School uniforms are worn by students commonly worn in primary (elementary) and secondary (high school) schools. There's a difference between school uniforms and dress codes. School uniforms require students to wear, for example, button downs, trousers for boys, and pleated skirts for girls, and blazers for both. It is like a badge of pride, shows that a student is part of an institution and a sense of belonging to a school, and it creates an identity for the school in the form of a community. A dress code, however, restricts what students can wear such as not allowing clothing that show too much skin.
In the Long Beach Unified School district in the state of California in the United States of America, a study was conducted as it was the first urban school to implement school uniforms for the purpose of addressing the behavioral issues of students. There were largely positive results to the implementation such as fewer absences, fewer students sent to the office for behavioral problems, fewer expulsions and suspensions--down by 28% in primary school and 36% in middle school, decreased vandalism and crime--down by 74% in primary school and 18% in middle school, and better performance.
However in studies conducted by The Brunsma et al., it was found that student uniforms are not effective in decreasing unauthorized absences or truancy, nor did it decrease behavior problems and substance abuse, and did not better the performance of students or increase their academic achievements. It was also found that students who wore school uniforms had worse behavior problems than those who did not.
Schools can implement their own policies on uniform and is compulsory most private schools, Catholic Schools, public schools, but it is less mandatory in primary schools.
|Figure 1.High school students in Australia.|
The government doesn’t require schools to implement uniforms, but local governments can and may issue uniforms, but not require their use, to public schools. Private schools however are free to implement their own policies on school uniforms.
|Figure 2.Brazilian schoolboys in uniform with their lunch.|
Students are required to wear uniforms in Cambodia, from pre-school to college. The uniforms represent the school and age level.
|Figure 3.Cambodian students.|
Uniforms are not required in schools in Canada, for the exception of school trips. However, Catholic schools in Ontario require them.
|Figure 4. School uniforms for sale in Montreal, Canada.|
Almost all schools in China require school uniforms. They have several sets of uniforms, one for special occasions like school ceremonies, a set for summer, and a set for winter.
|Figure 5.Chinese students in their summer uniform.|
Uniforms are not required in schools in France, with the exception of a few select schools such as the Maisond'éducation de la Légiond'honneur. It has been said that uniforms, according to Xavier Darcos, the former Minister of Education, “Removes the visible differences in social status or wealth.”
|Figure 6. School girls in their cinquième of Maisond'éducation de la Légiond'honneur (image:http://america.pink/maison-education-legion-honneur_2826163.html)|
School uniforms are mandatory for all students who go to public schools.
|Figure 7.Schoolboys in Nigera.|
All schools, public and private, require their students to wear uniforms.
Figure 9.school girls in Pakistan.
All public and private schools are required to wear uniforms, but specify days when students are allowed to wear civilian clothes.
Figure 10..Schoolgirls in the Philippines.
Only 23% of schools in the US have uniform policies, and those that do not have uniforms only have dress codes.
|Figure 11.Students from Texas.|
Whether or not your school requires you to wear a uniform, you should always follow the rules, even if you don’t like it.
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